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Đề LONGMAN PRACTICE TESTS TEST 3

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LISTENING TEST

PART 1

Directions: For each question in this part, you will hear four statements about a picture in your test book. When you hear the statements, you must select the one statement that best describes what you see in the picture. Then find the number of the question on your answer sheet and mark your answer. The statements will not be printed in your test book and will be spoken only one time.
Example:

PART 2

Directions: You will hear a question or statement and three responses spoken in English. They will not be printed in your test book and will be spoken only one time. Select the best response to the question or statement and mark the letter (A), (B), or (C) on your answer sheet.

PART 3

Directions: You will hear some conversations between two people. You will be asked to answer three questions about what the speakers say in each conversation. Select the best response to each question and mark the letter (A), (B), (C), or (D) on your answer sheet. The conversations will not be printed in your test book and will be spoken only one time.

PART 4

Directions: You will hear some talks given by a single speaker. You will be asked to answer three questions about what the speaker says in each talk. Select the best response to each question and mark the letter (A), (B), (C), or (D) on your answer sheet. The talks will not be printed in your test book and will be spoken only one time.

READING TEST

PART 5

Directions: A word or phrase is missing in each of the sentences below. Four answer choices are given below each sentence. Select the best answer to complete the sentence.

PART 6

Directions: Read the texts that follow. A word or phrase is missing in some of the sentences. Four answer choices are given below each of the sentences. Select the best

PART 7

Directions: In this part you will read a selection of texts, such as magazine and newspaper articles, letters, and advertisements. Each text is followed by several questions. Select the best answer for each question and mark the letter (A), (B), (C), or (D) on your answer sheet.
Questions 153-155 refer to the following chart.

Đoạn văn 1:

CROWDING THE PLANET

This chart shows how much the world's population grew between 1900 and 2000, and how much experts believe it will grow by 2025. The numbers are in billions.

Year Population (the number of people)
1900 1 billion
1925 2 billion
1950 2.5 billion
1975 4 billion
2000 6 billion
2025 9 billion

153. What was the world population in 1950?
154. In what year did the population reach 4 billion?
155. When was the population under 2 billion?
Questions 156-158 refer to the following article.

Đoạn văn 1:

When a position becomes vacant, finding a new employee with the skill-set and personality that suit the needs of that particular workplace is a challenge that many companies face. First, the company must outline the tasks and responsibilities involved in the position to be filled. A careful analysis of these will help the company define what skills, abilities, and knowledge an employee must have in order to carry out the job successfully. Often it is the process of writing the job description ans vacancy announcement that helps the company define the qualities they seek in a new employee.

Once the requirements of the position are defined, the next challenge is to find the person who can meet those requirements. One of the most common ways to locate a qualified person to fill a vacant position is to look within the organization itself. Is anyone currently working for the company who could do the job? This is often the best way to find qualified people. They are already known to the company, have been successful in it, and are familiar with its people, procedures, and policies.

If there is no available person within the company who is qualified to fill the vacancy, then someone must be sought outside the organization. Some of the most common sources of new employees are educational institutions such as high schools, junior colleges, four-year colleges, and universities. Companies also use newspapers and industry association newsletters to help locate job applicants.

156. What is this article about?
157. What is an example of a common outside source?
158. According to the passage, what do firms use to help locate applicants?
Questions 159-161 refer to the following announcement.

Đoạn văn 1:

AERONAUTIC SYSTEMS, INC., the Berlin-based company also known as AeroSys, has made an agreement with three of the world's major international airlines to provide a satellite system for voice and data communications, a company spokesperson announced last week. This agreement is a major leap forward for the company, which began operations just three years ago and has now gained the business of three of the airline industry's largest companies.

The agreement with Skyways, Air One, and Travelers International with provide communications between aircraft and on-ground system for operational control and air-traffic services. The agreement was signed last month, and AeroSys will begin providing services to the airlines before the end of the year.

159. Where is AeroSys based?
160. According to the passage, what will be provided by the agreement?
161. Which of the following is NOT a part of this agreement?
Questions 162-165 refer to the following announcement.

Đoạn văn 1:

San Juan Academy has developed a unique approach to dealing with underachieving students. Instead of doling out punishment for incomplete assignments, or assigning extra hours of tutoring for bad grades, the academy provides failing students with a reward. Through the Computers for Success program, San Juan Academy students who fall behind their classmates in reading and mathematics are given their own computers. 
For nine weeks, the students get to keep a personal computer with a printer and software in their homes. They can work and play with the computer whenever they like and as often as they like.

Is this a prize for being bad in school? "It may look that way to an outsider," says school principal Edna Seymour, "but this approach is actually well-backed up by research. Studies show that students who are computer literate do much better in school. The figures rise for students who actually have a computer at home, and are even higher for students from homes where most of the family members are comfortable using a computer."

Because of this, when a student is given a computer to take home, families are encouraged to get into the act, too. Students in the Computers for Success program are required, together with their parents and siblings, to attend a weekend computer seminar. This way everyone in the family becomes familiar with the use of the computer. This is an investment in the students' educational future. "It is widely accepted that parental involvement makes all the difference in a child's school success," say Principal Seymour. "We are extending that idea to involve families in our computer literacy program. As part of that program, we make it possible for families to buy refurbished computers at an affordable price. Many of our families have already taken advantage of this opportunity. On the whole, we have been very pleased with the Computers for Success program."

162. Which of the following is NOT part of the program?
163. When can students use the computers?
164. What are families of the students encouraged to do?
165. The word "siblings" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to
Questions 166-169 refer to the following article

Đoạn văn 1:

We most often think of communication as talking, but it commonly occurs in other forms as well. In addition to words, communication can occur in the form of pictures or through actions.

When we speak or write, we are using words to communicate our ideas and feelings. It is essential for people to use words effectively in order to communicate clearly. Although words may seem straightforward, they are as subject to misinterpretation as any other form of communication.

Pictures can be a quite powerful form of communication. You will understand this if you think of any great work of art. Businesses can successfully use pictures in posters, charts, signs, and packaging. When combining words and pictures, the design should be carefully planned out. The pictures used on posters and charts, as well as in brochures and advertisements, should complement rather than conflict with the words.

Action is an important form of communication that we are often unaware of. As the adage says, "Actions speak louder than words." This medium is most important when dealing face-to-face with employees, colleagues, and clients. A frown, a handshake, a wink, and even silence all have meaning and people will attach significance to these actions. Just as it is important to choose our words carefully, it is also important to be aware of our actions and of how they may be perceived by others.

166. What is the main topic of the article?
167. According to the article, which of the following is used the most?
168. The word "medium" in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to
169. Which of the following is NOT given as an example of actions?
Questions 170-171 refer to the following announcement.

Đoạn văn 1:

Responding to the needs of an aging population, Health Network, Inc. of Melbourne and Futura Computing of Perth Amboy have agreed to cooperate in the development of handheld, computerized products to help the elderly monitor their health. It is widely accepted in the health-care field that patients who participate in monitoring their health status enjoy healthier lives. They are more aware of the factors affecting their health and are better-informed participants in making decisions regarding their health care. It is expected that these products will go a long way toward improving the health of senior citizens.

The cost of these products to the individual consumer will be covered under most insurance plans. They will be made available free or at reduced cost to low-income senior citizens who qualify according to government guidelines.

170. Who would most likely read this announcement?
171. Which of the following could be one of the products?
Questions 172-173 refer to the following announcement.

Đoạn văn 1:

Operation of Detroit's trash incinerator, the largest in the nation, was halted last month, less than a year after it was put into service. The huge plant, which was designed to change waste into energy, had been hailed as an innovative means of putting trash to good use. However, soon after the plan began operating, unhealthy levels of mercury began to be detected in the air around the city. It was soon discovered that the culprit was the new incinerator. Entire neighborhoods were threatened by the toxins being discharged into the air. Environmental officials ordered the plant to be shut down last week. They say it is uncertain when, or even whether, the plant will reopen.

172. According to the passage, why was the plant shut down?
173. What was the function of the plant?
Questions 174-177 refer to the following article.

Đoạn văn 1:

Absenteeism is an ongoing problem in many companies, and the Stummering Corporation was no exception. Absenteeism and late arrival had been issues there for a long time, so management decided to study the problem. During the months of January through June of this year, employee absentee rates and arrival times were monitored. It was discovered that te average employee was showing up for work fifteen minutes late three times a week. In addition, the study showed that the majority of employees were missing a minimum of one day of work per month. Aside from the direct effects this situation was having on productivity, it was also creating a noticeable impact on employee morale. Management knew that this was a serious problem and that something had to be done right away.

Human Resources suggested that management undertake an incentive program. A plan was devised whereby every employee who arrived at work on time every day during the month of August would be eligible for a cash award. Within five days of the announcement, the number of late arrivals had declined to the lowest level the company had ever experienced. The company decided to extend the program so that employees who didn't miss any days of work for the rest of the year (exclusive of approved vacations) would also be eligible for a cash award. As a result, absenteeism declined dramatically. Stummering plans to continue the program into next year and is looking into making it permanent company policy. This successful program could easily be replicated at other companies. It worked for Stummering. It could work for you.

174. What was the problem at the Stummering Corporation?
175. How many times was the average employee late?
176. What did employees who were on time receive?
177. The word "replicated" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to
Questions 178-180 refer to the following letter.

Đoạn văn 1:

WALTERS CORPORATION
3255 Trenton Avenue, Columbus, OH 43216

November 20, 20_

Mr. Alan Porter
2870 Kennewick Drive
Bloomington, IN 42777

Dear Mr. Porter,

We were pleased to receive your letter and résumé inquiring about the vacant position which we announced in the Journal of Engineering and Business last month. Unfortunately, your letter arrived on my desk several days after the closing date of November 1. We received an overwhelming response to our job announcement. There were over 25 applications from qualified accountants. Although you appear to be well qualified for the position we announced, I am sorry to inform you that we have already hired another applicant. However, we were impressed with your background, and we would like to keep your résumé on file. We anticipate hiring again in the spring or summer of next year. We will inform you when another position that matches your qualifications becomes vacant.

We wish you the best of luck in your job search.

Thank you for your interest in the Walters Corporation.

Sincerely,
John Simons
Director of Human Resources

178. What is the main purpose of the letter?
179. What did Mr. Porter include with his letter?
180. What is Mr. Porter's profession?
Questions 181-185 refer to the following forms.

Đoạn văn 1:

DATE: June 19, 20_         
TIME: 5:15 P.M.

FOR:___________
RECEIVED BY: Lev

CALLER: Marina
PHONE NUMBER: (3272)43-98-58

MESSAGE: She immediately needs 2 computers, 10 packs of ink cartridges, 5 standard phones, and 2 photocopiers: 1 industrial-sized and 1 personal-sized. She also needs furniture: 2 large wooden desks, 4 small wooden chairs, 1 tall metal filing cabinet, and 1 long metal meeting table. She can wait 7 days for the furniture. Please call her back to confirm fulfillment of this order.

CALL BACK REQUESTED?  YES ;  NO
DATE/TIME COMPLETED: ___/___/___     ___:___  A.M. ;  P.M.

Đoạn văn 2:

DATE: June 20, 20_         
TIME: 9:20 A.M.

FOR: Marina
RECEIVED BY: Konstantin

CALLER: Alonya
PHONE NUMBER: (095) 555-44503

MESSAGE: Most of those items are here in Moscow. There will be a three-day delay on the large copier. Also, she will have to order the table from Almaty, so it will arrive 1 day after your deadline. Let her know if that's OK. Express shipping is possible. She can explain the charges for that if you are interested. Call her back today to order. She's headed to Berlin tomorrow, then on to Paris later in the week, so this has to be taken care of today.

CALL BACK REQUESTED?  YES ;  NO
DATE/TIME COMPLETED: ___/___/___     ___:___  A.M. ;  P.M.

181. Who is ordering office supplies?
182. What kind of filing cabinet does the caller want?
183. Where are the ink cartridges now?
184. When will the table arrive?
185. What will Alonya do tomorrow?
Questions 186-190 refer to the following e-mail and table.

Đoạn văn 1:

From: Guillermo Grimaldi
To: Samantha Young
Subject: Survey Results

We have the results of our Preferred Investment Survey. I have attached the "Types of Investments" table.

There is one change on the survey compared to last year. We divided one major category into two parts. The parts are "buildings" and "property." That's why we don't have a number from last year to use as a comparison.

We talked to 1,000 investors between March 1 and March 15. While most of them put their money into a variety of investment, the survey shows that this year there was a greater variety in the type of investment chosen than last year. More people are purchasing each different type of investment. For example, look at the number of mutual fund investors last year (800) as compared to this year (850).

These results will help our company better decide how to sell our investment products. We predict three types of investment will increase in popularity, and they should be heavily advertised over the next year. Also, we predict that three investments will decrease in popularity. We should decide what to do about those. Are you available on Friday morning? Let's discuss the declining investments.

Đoạn văn 2:

Types of Investments
March 1-15 

 

Number of Investors
(this year)

Number of Investors
(last year)

Prediction *
Annuity      825 815 s
Bonds          1000 850 s
Cash          1000 1000 s
Gold          625 600 d
IRA 900 875 ----- d
IRA, Roth 975 900 u
Mutual Fund 850 800 s
Real Estate, buildings 987 ----- d
Real Estate, property 700 ----- u
Savings 1000 1000 s
Stocks, domestic 945 936 s
Stocks, international 965 900 u

*Prediction: d=will go down; s=will stay the same; u=will go up

186. How many investors participated in the survey?
187. How many survey participants invested in gold this year?
188. Why are three categories on the table missing numbers from last year?
189. Which types of investment does Mr. Grimaldi want to advertise?
190. Which types of investments does Mr. Grimaldi want to discuss with Ms. Young?
Questions 191-195 refer to the following advertisement and e-mail.

Đoạn văn 1:

THE 20TH ANNUAL HOME ELECTRONICS SHOW
January 20-24

Join us at the Convention Center to see the latest in home electronics. Companies from around the country will display new model stereos, TVs, and sound systems for home use, as well as the latest in home security devices. Don't miss the special domestic robot demonstrations. See robots clean floors, wash dishes, even take out the garbage!

Admission to the show costs $10 for adults, $5 for children ages 5-12. Children under 5 will not be admitted. An extra $3 fee is charged for some special events. These include:

January 21 Movie:"The home of Tomorrow"
January 22 Speaker: Roberta Wilkinson, President of Automation, Inc.
Topic: The invention team at Automation, Inc.
January 23 Demonstration: Home Security System
January 24 Reception with JET Company, the Designers of RoboCleaners

Tickets can be purchased at the Convention Center or online. There is an extra charge of $1 per ticket for online purchases.

Buy your tickets today! Last year's show sold out!

Đoạn văn 2:

From: Mai Itakura
To: Hanks Ellmers
Sent: Wednesday, January 19, 20_ 11:12 P.M.
Subject: Schedule a time to go to the show

Hanks,

The home Electronics Show begins tomorrow and lasts through the weekend. Would you like to go with me? Your daughter Emma might enjoy it, too. It would cost just $25 for the three of us.

We can go tomorrow or later in the week if you prefer.
There are some special events that you might enjoy, too. That company that you just bought stock in is giving a presentation on January 22. The company's president is speaking. You will probably want to see the security demonstration, too, since you're a police officer.

E-mail or call me today if you're interested. I'll be near the Convention Center tomorrow, so I can pick up the tickets without paying the extra charge. By the way, there is also an extra charge for the special events. You pay it at the time of each event, so you cn decide about that later.

Mai

191. What will robots demonstrate at the convention?
192. When can convention visitors see a movie
193. How old is Emma?
194. In what company does Hank own stock?
195. How much extra will Hank pay to see the security demonstration?
Questions 196-200 refer to the following e-mail messages.

Đoạn văn 1:

To: Gertrude Gerlak
From: Ping Lai
Subject: Retirement party

Hi Gertrude, 

Don't forget that Samir's party is tomorrow night at the Lotus Chinese restaurant at 7:00. I'm giving Rae a ride. Let me know today if you want to ride with us. We plan to leave here at 6:15 so we can get to the restaurant on time to put up some decorations before everyone else arrives. I hope you don't mind helping with that. In fact, we would really appreciate your help since you have such an artistic eye. Rea has a card for Samir already, and she is collection money for a gift. Let her know if you have any ideas for the gift. Thanks.

Ping

Đoạn văn 2:

To: Ping Lai
From: Gertrude Gerlak
Subject: Re: Retirement party

Hi Ping,

Yes, I need a ride. Thanks for the offer. I went to the Lotus restaurant last month for my birthday. It's a great place. I don't mind leaving here early, and I'm happy to help with the decorations. Alex needs a ride, too, if you have enough room in your car for all of us. Do you need me to buy any decorations? Why don't we leave thirty minutes earlier than you said? That way we're sure to have enough time to do some really nice decorating. I'll be in a meeting tomorrow afternoon, but it should be over well before we have to leave. I think a digital camera would be a great gift. Tell Rae I'll pick one up tomorrow during my lunch hour. I know where I can get a great price on one. She can give me the money later.

Gertrude

196. Why are Ping and Gertrude going to a restaurant tomorrow?
197. How many people want to ride with Ping?
198. What time does Gertrude want to leave for the party?
199. Who will receive a digital camera?
200. Why will Rae give money to Gertrude?
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